How do we compose a common world?

Not so long ago, the project that would have seen modernization spread over the whole planet came up against unexpected opposition from the planet itself. Should we give up, deny the problem, or grit our teeth and hope for a miracle? Alternatively we could inquire into what this modern project has meant so as to find out how it can be begun again on a new footing.


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Séminaire Enquête sur les modes d'existence à ULB - 30 nov.-3 déc. 2022


An inquiry for learning
how to compose a common world


The inquiry in which you will be able to take part has the aim of providing a more precise definition for the experiences gathered under the vague expression “modernization”. And especially one that is more acceptable to those other civilisations that have also been subject to the same discovery: that there is no Earth where we can modernize “the way we used to”. So we have to think again what we mean by this term while both retaining the inheritance of the modernization project and composing it in a quite new way.


The inquiry is based on the delicate extraction of a series of “values”—a deliberately outdated term—which the Moderns say they hold dear. But without ever being sure what these values mean, and how they can all be endorsed at the same time while respecting their differences and being wary of their tendency to crush other ones.


To establish these differences, we have prepared a very simple little protocol that begins with the experience produced when there is a clash between two values. This clash is felt each time one value is judged using the instrumentation coming from another value. We will make a collection of such incidents by creating a database of what we will call “crossings” because they will allow two types of judgement to emerge.

types of veridiction

The practice of gathering such documentation over time begins to produce the impression that it is possible, bit by bit, to distinguish types of incompatible truths. At first this seems, disconcertingly, to lead to full-on “relativism”. Except if one notices that each type of veridiction—the term permits the avoidance of the overloaded word “truth”—is the expression of an encounter with forms of existence that are very different from one another. The inquiry aims to set out the diversity of these different forms. This is why we are really dealing with an anthropology of the Moderns. We want to do for them what they did for other cultures. Except that it was quite difficult to understand the others in the absence of a description of ourselves that was in some small way realistic…

modes of existence

It is these forms we are calling “modes of existence”, a banal label, but it has a special meaning here. When one speaks normally about the mode of existence of some group or individual, one refers to their customs, their mode of being, their ethology, their habitat in some way, their feeling for a place. In this inquiry, we are keeping all the connotations of the phrase, but we are giving the two terms “mode” and “existence” stronger meanings that don’t direct attention towards human groups or individuals, but towards the beings about which humans are interrogating themselves. The word “being” should not be unsettling: it is another way of replying to the question, “What, for example, is the law, or religion, or science?” “What is important to you?” and “How can I talk about this properly with you?"


So far we have identified fifteen of these modes of existence. First, we would like to know if the values we have identified correspond, or not, to readers’ experiences. But then we would like to know if the account we have given of this is acceptable, and if it is not—which is very likely—how we can change it, and on the basis of what documents. Finally, we would like to know if it is possible to propose an alternative to the quite vague term “modernization”.

So, how will we proceed? By proposing three stages: that of the readers, that of the co-researchers, and that of the negotiators.


phase one

since october 2012
for the readers
getting to know the protocol,
while being able to benefit from
the advantages of the
“augmented” digital book

As with every inquiry, one has to be familiar, first of all, with the procedures. It looks complex at first. But in fact, it is very simple and doesn’t depend on any prior knowledge or jargon (though we have some technical terms). The difficulty comes of the fact that most experiences are not easy to follow because the Moderns have tried to squeeze them into boxes not made for them. We want to try to repair this faulty construction by offering you other signposts to follow and other accounts of these experiences. The easiest way to get used to the procedure is to start with the interim report either in hard copy or in the (identical) form that you can find on this site. The book is handy, but the digital version is “augmented” with a number of additions: first it is easily navigable, then there is a detailed glossary, numerous notes, to which are also added documents which are quite long in themselves. (The map of the site is explained here.) Then, once you have assimilated the questions we are asking ourselves, you can take them up in the composition of your own notebook. There is nothing stopping you from adding contribution on the body of available data.


phase two

since october 2013
for the co-researchers
changing the documentation,
discovering other lacunae, posing new questions,
drawing up other assessments
with the help of the mediators

So far we have been in a reading mode, a fairly classical way of getting to know material more deeply, with a bit of help from the digital. But what really interests us is the second stage. Thanks to the mediators who will publish your contributions, we want to shift the inquiry little by little away from its original framing. These mediators have the initial task of accompanying you in your exploration of the inquiry and inviting you to propose documents other than those available in the main text, in order to respond to the same questions. But we will very quickly notice that you will not just want to correct errors and comment on the statements made in the interim report, in other words offer a critique, but you will want to take up other questions as you formulate the problems in a quite different way. The digital environment has the aim of encouraging this progressive drift by multiplying the opportunities to rework documents and by recording these successive modifications. Then our inquiry will really have become collective.


phase three

for the negotiators
how can we find the most
acceptable account
through a series of “diplomatic” negotiations?

This is the most unusual and riskiest part of the inquiry. The aim is not just to investigate by increasing the number of openings, as in the second stage, but to be able to come to some kind of provisional conclusions that will be a function of progress made between the “interim report” of 2012 and the status of the on-going questions that will have come to light in the process. The idea is not to publish an up-dated version of the initial book but to publish (in the form of pamphlets, web sites, and installations as the inquiry broadens and as the mediators make decisions) reports about the state of the art. The metaphor we use is that of diplomatic negotiations. This expression is often pejorative, but we take it very seriously because negotiations come into play when there is no common overarching principle that would allow for agreement. So the only solution is to set out as precisely as possible why the account given of such and such a value is shocking, admissible, compatible, or incompatible with some other account. At the end of two years we hope not to have found a solution, but to have advanced in the exploration of a proposition. To launch such negotiations, the mediators will invite a certain number of contributors and co-researchers to face-to-face meetings organised around the most thorny questions the inquiry has thrown up, those where the opposition between values and the accounts given of them is the most serious. The results of these meetings will then be archived in the digital environment of the AIME site, and will be subject to various responses. The aim, both ambitious and modest, will be to propose an alternative for the term “modernize”, one that is compatible with the expression “ecologize” and which we sum up with the term “composition”. Learning how to compose the common world, this is what is at stake.


the report

The hard-copy book is fairly unusual. It is written in the form of a “research report” in which one finds summarised, in the most condensed and undemanding form possible, fieldwork studies which were impossible to print in their entirety. So the book appears without any notes or references. This is why, even if the book holds up by itself, it only really makes sense through the proofs and developments that will test it on the site. Proofs and developments which, in turn, will get their meaning through what the readers, turning into co-researchers, might well bring to them. The interim report has the aim of preparing readers, if they wish, to become co-researchers. It has three parts: how to make possible an anthropological inquiry on the Moderns by removing methodological obstacles; how to take advantage of the pluralism of modes of existence in order to carry out the inquiry while cutting one’s teeth on the modes which the Moderns were having difficulty dealing with; and finally how to profit from this inquiry so as to redefine the very notion of collective in a new way by revisiting the traditional terms of society and economy. To make the reading easier, we have arranged the multiple sub-titles at the beginning of each chapter, and gathered them in a very detailed table of contents that allows one to get an overview of the book in a few minutes.


the platform

At the beginning of the site you will find an “augmented” book (please first sign up to access the book).
To facilitate the interaction between the hard-copy and the digital books (whatever the direction you go in) we have decided to retain exactly the same font and lay-out in both. Whether you start with the hard-copy or the augmented version, you will find the same pages, chapters, sectional subtitles and the same detailed table of contents. With the augmented book you will obviously be able to enjoy a very powerful search function.

Why are we calling the digital book augmented? Because we have added three columns to it—on the right of the text—which vary in size and function according to your activities and content.

What are these columns?
The first column is the glossary (v for vocabulary). Although we have tried to avoid jargon, many common words take on particular meanings here and it will be useful to bear these in mind. In the printed book, these terms appear capitalized and in bold type. In the digital version of the book, these words link to glossary entries that further explain the word in question. To avoid cluttering up the text, we have marked these entries with a dot that you can click on if you want to find out more.

The second column contains information on documentation (d). A survey of this kind is based on diverse reading, lectures and fields of study. To make the paper book less forbidding, we have chosen to transfer all documentation - the so-called critical apparatus - to the digital environment. The entries in this column, which will be evolving constantly, are also marked with a dot. When you click the dot, the column expands and opens up to reveal references as well as pdf documents, photos or videos that expand the scope of what is usually referred to as a footnote. In addition, we have added galleries and have asked artists to participate in the investigation by means of more elaborate exhibitions. These interventions are intended to enable users to get as close as possible to the experiences that the text attempts to describe and which the collective inquiry will then elaborate upon and augment.

The third column is for contributions (c). This is a space for you to publish critiques, additional considerations and/or complementary or alternative documentation, based on your notes. Mediators will help you to find your way around and will moderate the contributions. Depending on the evolution of the site, your contributions may be transferred to the middle column.

Again, the challenging nature of this project means that functionalities will be added gradually and amended regularly.


user guide

In order to make best use of the platform, please choose the Google Chrome browser (please check for updates). And take a look at the tutorial.


The network

aime cannot survive without a whole ecosystem:
a Project Team, Mediators, Collaborators and Co-researchers,
to whom one must add our home institution of Sciences Po,
and in particular its medialab.

Professor at Sciences Po, Paris. He decided on this unusual way to do research after having carried out several fieldwork studies in the domains of the science and legal techniques. Having directed two international exhibitions (Iconoclash 2002 and Making Things Public at the ZKM in Karlsruhe 2005), he found he had a taste for collective work and the exploration of new modes of research and presentation in what are called “the humanities”. In the jargon of research projects, he is the PI (“principal investigator”) of the AIME project, which means he has a hand in everything without knowing very much.


Is a research scholar in the history of the most contemporary arts. He joined the project as project manager. As well as all the financial issues, day-to-day operations, organisation of the project and contact with institutions, he is exploring how new digital tools can inspire artists and energise their work in the context of this collective inquiry. He hopes that all the new software and modes of collaboration will allow for future methodological changes in the history of the sciences… and hopes to finish his thesis.


He has a Ph.D in communication design and specializes in the visual display of huge amounts of digital data. He is passionate about semiology and diagrams, and has joined the team in the hope of producing a hybrid of the great tradition of Italian design (he comes from Density Design de Milan) and the digital humanities, so as to produce a new standard for the future scholarly book. His thesis on social complexity and controversies is a perfect preparation for this project, which he still finds completely crazy !


Paul joined the Medialab team at Sciences Po since it began in 2009. His enthusiasm allied with his technical and organizational skills, has meant that Medialab has become one of France’s most active research centers investigating the links between the social sciences and the IT world. Being involved in every technical decision made by Medialab, he was immediately involved as an advisor in the AIME project. However, as the project grappled with the enormous difficulties and new challenges presented by the ‘digital humanities’ he rapidly took on the role of technical director. If this project can be said to work, it is certainly because thanks to Paul finding a way to coordinate the various professions needed to make this insane endeavor work.


Since the very beginning, Daniele has brought his design and programming expertise to Medialab’s digital projects as well as those for Sciences Po. He has given the project the sheen and high quality and that allows us to genuinely talk about ‘digital bibliophilia’. As he is also working on other projects at Sciences Po, he has also been playing an important role in making this institution one of the most promising sites yet for development of the ‘digital humanities’.


A recent member of the IT team, Alexis, who came to us from Linkfluence, a company with which Medialab has numerous ties, has given an important impetus to those programs vital to the project’s success by bringing to bear some of the work practices common in industry - and somewhat different we have to admit - to the innovative but not always particularly disciplined habits of our team.


Pierre Jullian de la Fuente is a globetrotter that from time to time drops by Paris, for example, to manage programmes and extricate interfaces from whatever mess they have got themselves tangled up in. We count ourselves very fortunate to have him come by and help sort out our current enterprise and extend the AIME project by conjuring up new ways to enter the Inquiry.


A graduate student from Sciences-Po Lille and Waseda University, Guillaume Plique now offers the médialab his backend development skills as well as his profile in social sciences. He is therefore working since June 2013 on several projects such as IPCC mapping, AIME and develops scrapers aimed at social sciences researchers.

de Mourat

Robin de Mourat, designer from l'Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan and doctoral student at l'Université de Rennes 2, decided that the AIME project was an excellent site to see out two usually contradictory desires: to put his hands directly on a project in progress and, at the same time, to study how this project conducts itself. As the AIME project is a genuine model of the managment of a highly complex and rapidly evolving project, it is not surprising that he would have come to study us and assist us at the same time.


Residing in Montreal, François made his name through his very innovative studies on organizational issues. Having found a highly innovative way of combining discourse analysis, ethnomethodology and STS he was able to redefine what it means to speak about organized action. Agreeing to play the complex role of a mediator in the AIME project, he has been following the modes and how the interplay between them perhaps offers the possibility of another way of describing the vast continent that is the economy. His familiarity with the English-speaking world has been invaluable in helping us guide our English-language readers through the inquiry


Living in Belgium, Didier, a philosopher and father to two delightful twins is also among those researchers who have profoundly renewed what we can expect from metaphysics. Co-founder of the GECo with Isabelle Stengers, he is a specialist on Whitehead and particularly interested in questions relating to biology. On those questions of fundamental importance to anthropology, he has been able to guarantee that the AIME project has had high quality debates. Along with Aline and Nicolas, two colleagues that he brought onto the project to work with him, Didier will continue to guide, with his usual dexterity, the participants through the difficulties presented by the inquiry.


It is difficult to explain why a specialist in the history of religions, living in Quebec, accepted to join the AIME project. As it happens, it is partly due to the fact that Milad, an historian and specialist in ancient texts has become one of the most listened commentators on the changes taking place in digital cultures. It is thus an enormous opportunity for the project to benefit from not only from his keeping a watchful eye on the content but also on the project’s modus operandi. He will be helping the participants to modify the system so as to take maximum advantage of the power of those digital worlds placed at the service of this odd inquiry.


A sociologist of the economy, who after a long time at MIT has returned to France, Vincent brings the AIME project in his role as mediator, a fine-grained understanding of the social sciences and the world of finance. Having participated in research projects that pushed the analysis of the science of economics as a science — research that is of major importance to the project — he has allowed us to push the inquiry further and deeper than before, as well as mobilize co-inquirers from Europe and the United States.


Teaching in London, Noortje comes from the Dutch school of “science studies” and has played a decisive role in developing the inquiry on those questions related to politics. Ever since she began researching, Noortje has combined extremely close attention to political philosophy and the power of “digital methods”. Having her as a mediator on political issues has allowed the inquiry to take advantage of the innovative techniques that she has developed to investigate controversies in technology as well as those in empirical philosophy.


A young philosopher finishing up his PhD in the philosophy of sport and new types of subjectivities, Pierre-Laurent has been, over the past year, part of the AIME staff and helping the other mediators and co-inquirers to participate in the project as efficiently as possible.


Patrice Manglier, a philosopher and specialist in questions pertaining to language, esthetics and society as well as a commentator on Saussure and Lévi-Strauss has taken quite a risk in graciously consenting to join our crazy project. More interested in the diplomatic procedure that we claim to be developing in the last part of the IME project, he will not be one of the mediators. Rather, he will be analysing these diplomatic encounters, on the fly, to see just whether or not they renew certain philosophical modes of discussion. As we muddle on, we will be turning to him to help us identify and rectify our numerous missteps.


Armin Linke is professor at the University For Arts and Design HfG Karlsruhe and an artist who works at the interface of photography and cinema and lives in Milan and Berlin. He is a virtuoso of closed spaces — laboratories and shop floors, moving through the towns of the modern desert, factories and control towers. He has acquiesced to allow his archives to be gently plundered to help us understand just what it is we are trying to do.


Aline Wiame, holds a PhD and is a Research Fellow at the F.R.S.-FNRS at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. Her thesis dealt with the concept of “disfigurement” as a conceptual operator between theatre and philosophy. She now works on developing the concepts of the “scene” and “image” drawing upon the work of William James and Henri Bergson. Her research themes concentrate on the intersection between esthetics and contemporary philosophy as they relate to theatre, cinema, graphic novels and animations. Since 2011 she has been a confounder of the “Souriau Workshop” dedicated to the philosophy of Etienne Souriau at the GECo of the ULB. In 2013-2014 she will be postdoctoral Fellow at the B.A.E.F. (Belgian American Educational Foundation) at Penn State University.


Nicolas is a physicist, philosopher and holds an MA in experimentation from Sciences Po. His thesis was on Félix Guattari, the philosophy of nature and community activism in defence of the environment. He teaches contemporary philosophy at the Ecole de Recherche Graphique de Bruxelles. Whether it be around controversies surrounding the danger of electromagnetic waves, GMO or the catastrophe at Fukushima, he focuses on the issues of ownership and the problems related to the co-production of knowledge.


We would especially like to thank all of the contributors who have helped us with the Inquiry:

You can also access the list of all the contributions through the Crossings english or french versions



Why 15 modes?

The number of modes is quite contingent and provisional. They are what I have been able to explore from the beginning of the inquiry to the present, judging what is important about each mode for the burning issues I have encountered in my path. There is no overarching principle that decides how many there should be. One must simply bear in mind that the addition of a mode by a contributor means a lot of work (one has to be able to cross it with all the others!) that it must justify itself by its importance as a stakeholder (does it allow us to see more clearly the essential vital questions for the understanding of the Moderns?) and finally, can it allow us to establish another basis of understanding with the other collectives? Apart from these limits, the worksite is completely open.


What kind of contribution is expected/encouraged?

Contributions are absolutely necessary to the success of the survey. All relevant contributions will be incorporated into the final versions – paper and digital – with each time, an acknowledgement of the author.

We cannot extract ourselves from our current difficulties unless we work together. We seek to share the research experience and as such we are very open. However, we only do so according to very specific protocols and rather demanding expectations and as such, we remain very closed! If we dare to maintain this paradox it is only because experience is sharable and because the protocols that are so strictly adhered to render themselves a source of concern and open to debate. In the meantime, metalanguage becomes entirely ‘disposable’.

A contribution is a not a comment. It is not enough to simply ‘like’ or ‘not like’. Nor is it like editing a wiki or reviewing. A contribution works in such a way that it subjects the Inquiry to the trials for which it was designed.
A contribution is an operation. It is a maneuver attempted during a diplomatic game. It is a practice that is both informed and free, operating within the intellectual machinery of the Inquiry. The co-inquirer can reformulate, complete and apply but he or she can also correct, test and protest. In every instance, it remains with the context of an empirical investigation.
Inasmuch as it is possible each contribution should attempt to build upon something new and be in the form of an annotated document that develops an argument or line of thought. The role of the mediators is to direct the work behind the contribution towards those beings that are less well represented.
The process of selecting contributions is performed with the mediators always keeping an eye towards the final phase of the Inquiry where the diplomatic operations and face-to-face rewriting sessions will take place. In this respect, the online platform serves as a kind of draft or preparatory document for these final meetings.


What are we calling data?

The term is a little simplistic, especially since we know from the sociology of science that data are always “obtained” and in no way arrive fully-formed. We are calling our research data, roughly, any document that undergoes a trial at the point where two modes really clash; this is what we call “category errors”. This clash allows us to draw out a contrast that we were not aware of until then. Many are proposed in the book and in the notes, but the point of the collective inquiry is to bring them together. So each time that you present a situation (by way of a text, a film, a radio program), fully referenced (date, source, context, copyright), and which you think, according to your commentary, can move one of our questions forward (or displace the question in an even more interesting way), then this, for us, is data.


What is the link between AIME and Actor Network Theory (ANT)?

Since the two projects have been running in parallel for over twenty-five years they obviously both have a great many connections. We have also maintained a kind of ‘software compatibility’ between the two projects. As a result, every research program that ‘runs’ on ANT should also ‘run’ on AIME! It is just that within the AIME project, the whole of the ANT approach becomes but one mode among many (it is called [NET] for ‘networks’). It is one of the two essential modes that render the inquiry feasible (the other being [PRE] for 'prepositions'). The difference in emphasis lies in the fact that ANT-based research relies on the question: ‘What is associated with what in the course of the inquiry?’ The multiplicity and surprises in the associations are the ‘truth conditions’ inherent to [NET]. However, such a description in no way stops the inquirer listening to other truth conditions for which the mere notion of ‘being associated’ is not enough. This is where the AIME project takes over but only after having first made an ANTish description.


Are scientists to feel invited to the inquiry or excluded from the very start?

This question is not unique to scientists but to any practitioner to whom the AIME project addresses itself. In general, a description of scientific practice carried out along the lines of the sociology and history of science, should represent a welcome change for scientists whose activity is usually described in the most abstract terms by epistemology or in the most cynical terms by critics. On the whole, science studies have been met with approval when they describe research and with misgivings or even fury when they propose an alternative account of scientific activities. Scientists who enter the project must not be too thin-skinned nor should they feel too insecure about the objectivity of their science. This however, is where the diplomatic encounters are of course useful and tough. The reason why scientists should feel reassured is because most conflicts do not deal with science as a practice but with another mode of existence, called Double Click [DC], that has made these debates fruitless. We hope that by barring [DC] from entering into the discussion, scientists will feel more welcome especially as they are now attacked by other scientists (controversies) and no longer carry the same authority as before.


Is AIME a system?

Obviously, the project is systematic in the sense that it has been carried out for over twenty-five years and systematically pursued so that once a mode has been detected it is cross-referenced with all of the others modes. However, if by system it is meant that there are no other modes and that their description is complete, obviously AIME is not a system at all (compared to Hegel’s for instance) but firstly a recapitulation of certain ‘values’ most cherished by some of the informants interrogated by the author. This is to ensure that in the long run it is not transformed into a system but rather, that it has been conceived as an inquiry opened to many other co-inquirers other than the first one. On the whole, we think it is important that an inquiry into such an important topic as the anthropology of modernity be systematically pursued as each mode reacts to how another mode is understood. So, the postmodern obsession for avoiding systematicity at all costs, runs against the clarification that we wish to obtain.


Is AIME taking magic, spirit and other invisible entities seriously?

The answer is definitely yes. It would be astonishing for an anthropological project not to take the invisible entities with which informants build their world very seriously. What is original about the AIME project is that it raises a set of questions that allow to the inquirer to define, for each claim to existence, the specifications of these entities. Thus, instead of a general division between the visible and invisible, the real and imagined, spiritual and material agents, a much larger gamut of possibilities of existence is envisaged, and as far as possible, precisely delineated. The expression ‘to take seriously’, when applied to these entities, is pushed to a new degree of precision because, contrary to all of the critical social sciences and much of ethnographic research, these specifications have to be ‘talked back to’ by those who are seriously engaged with them. In other words, the description by the AIME inquirers has to be proposed to the informants themselves. This is what makes the diplomatic encounters so interesting and risky.


If AIME defines itself as a diplomatic enterprise, on behalf of which power are they sent?

The metaphor of diplomacy has been developed because there is no mediator above the parties doing the comparative anthropology. As long as there was the single Nature/multiple cultures paradigm, it is clear that mediator existed; an arbiter that could settle each dispute. This is why knowledge was the horizon of all possible anthropologies: ‘How do we know others?’ AIME is ‘sent’ on a ‘mission’ not just by knowledge but by diplomacy. That is, it states that there is no arbiter and asks the question: ‘Can we learn about and coexist with others?’ This is what opens up the possibility of a comparative anthropology understood as a negotiation of multiple ontologies. The ‘power’ that is represented in those encounters is probably the former Moderns who must now recognize that they have never been modern and that the Nature that they had imagined as a final arbiter is failing them, first as Knowledge, second as Gaia. However, the exact and variable shape of the parties in the negotiation is not defined in advance. So far, AIME is a peace proposal that comes after the disappearance of the state of war. It does not mean that diplomacy will really be happening.


Why do you name the modes through the use of the substantive and not by other more active expressions?

Since every mode has so far been defined by trajectory, hiatus, reprise and specific category mistakes, and since every effort has been made to avoid undercutting the notion of ‘substance’, we thought that the labels given to them were not so important. This is why we always use acronyms ([REP], [FIC], [REF]) to make it clear that what we designate by those letters are not to be taken as the domains, regions, substances or stable ontologies of reproduction, fiction, reference etc. There is no general solution to the problem of names. Usage only shows what a word means. The only rule that we followed was to avoid inventing technical jargon.


How to use the platform ?

In order to make best use of the platform, please choose the Google Chrome browser (please check for updates). And take a look at the tutorial.


The blog

Séminaire Enquête sur les modes d'existence à ULB - 30 nov.-3 déc. 2022

19 February 2023
filed under: workshops

Séminaire coordonné par Bruno Latour, Didier Debaise (ULB) et Frédéric Louzeau (Collège des Bernardins). Quatre journées sur l’Enquête se sont tenues à l'Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), du 30 novembre au 3 décembre ...


Reprise de l'enquête sur les modes d'existence. Cours 5 avec Didier Debaise

27 June 2022
filed under:

DIDIER-DEBAISE-MAI-22-EME.mp4 from Bruno Latour on Vimeo. ...



27 March 2022
filed under: resources

Thanks to France Culture, we now have the chance to have a fairly comprehensible general introduction to the Enquête sur les modes d'existence (EME). It is four hours with Adèle Van Reeth (in French) : Episode 1: The Plurality ...


Journée sur des reprises possibles de l’Enquête -15 février 2022

15 February 2022
filed under: workshops Event

Séminaire autour de l’Enquête sur les modes d’existence de Bruno Latour aux Bernardins, le mardi 15 février. Extrait du message envoyé aux participants : Nous partons du principe que l’Enquête fournit d’incroyables mat ...


[Virtual Event] : IAS Journal issue launch: We Have Always Been Medieval-Bruno Latour and the Premodern

29 June 2020
filed under: Event

A good occasion to rekindle your interest in the empirical extension of the AIME project, this time thanks to the virtual book launch "We have always been medieval" June 30th 7pm (England time).&mdash ...


Romanic Review - Category Crossings: Bruno Latour and Medieval Modes of Existence

09 May 2020
filed under: ressources

Category Crossings: Bruno Latour and Medieval Modes of Existence “We Have Always Been Medieval”. It's comforting to see that a new publication making good use of the AIME project, comes from specialists of the Middle Age https://t ...


terms of use


Bruno Latour, a Professor at Sciences Po, has received a research grant from the European Research Council (ERC) for the purpose of exploring and proposing a new description of what is meant by the phrase to modernize. This new description is presented in the book Enquête sur les modes d'existence (An Inquiry into Modes of Existence) and on the digital platform that accompanies the printed publication. Many of the formulations proposed in the book would benefit from being critiqued, verified or reformulated in order to observe a) whether they correspond to shareable experience, and b) whether other, improved formulations of the proposals might be possible. Your participation in this project means that you agree to take part in this philosophical and diplomatic exercise and that you are prepared to share your experiences, your contributions and your criticisms with a view to these disagreements being published (in the form of booklets, websites and/or installations, depending on the progress of the investigation and decisions made by mediators). (For more information, see the Project Description page). Our site, AIME (property of the National Foundation of Political Science, referred to hereinafter as FNSP) intends to develop and maintain an online community willing to continue the investigation initiated by the printed book, and to give each visitor the opportunity, notably, to publish information, videos, pictures, sound clips and to recommend sites or web pages in the Proposition Environment space (and the forthcoming Reaction Environment). It is in this context that AIME welcomes you to the website, which has been designed as a space for the flow of information and the exchange of views. It is open to all those who have previously registered with our website.
You can contribute to our service, as defined below, by submitting comments, articles, videos, links, etc, with the proviso that you agree to be bound by these Terms of Use and on the condition that AIME reserves the right to update and modify contributions, if necessary. Any participation in the life of our community website assumes acceptance of these Terms of Use.
You can see the most recent version of these Terms of Use at any moment, on this page. In the case of modifications to the Terms of Use, the amended version will automatically apply eight (8) days after publication.
Each of the expressions listed below will have the following meanings in these Terms of Use: « User » and/or « You » refers to the physical person who has subscribed to or uses the Service, and who thereby accepts these Terms.
- « AIME »: A project entitled An Inquiry Into Modes of Existence, created under the aegis of the FNSP as legal entity.
- « Site » refers to the AIME website accessible at and which, thereafter, might be made accessible at any other address and in any other format.
- « Contribution(s) » means all components (images, sounds, text, graphics, video, etc) produced, digitized and delivered by You for publication on the Site.
- « Commentaire(s) » means any comment posted on the Site by a user in response to content, including contributions.
- « Service(s) » means all of the features and tools enabling each user to upload, share and reference contributions and to make comments on them via his/her personal space.


These Terms of Use are intended to define the conditions under which you may benefit from the Service and use the Site. Any subscriptions to the Service and use of the Service, are subject to compliance with these Terms. By signing up and/or using the Service, the User acknowledges having read these Terms of Use and having accepted them without restriction or reservation. The Terms of Use constitute a contract between the User and FNSP.


Any person can join and contribute to AIME, provided they are aged 13 years or older. If you are a minor aged 13 to 18 years, you acknowledge and confirm that you have permission from your legal representative (parent or other persons holding parental authority) to use the Service. As a result, the legal representative (i) agrees to guarantee compliance with all provisions of these Terms of Use, and (ii) acknowledges his/her responsibility, particularly with regard to the fact that the service is accessible to all, to remain vigilant and take all necessary measures to monitor the use made by the minor for whom he/she has responsibility and to provide appropriate advice when the minor uses our service. We recommend that all parents and/or guardians read the following guidelines for the protection of children on the Internet:
To be registered, users must provide up to date personal details and accurate information. Your personal account will be accessible via a personal ID and confidential password of your choice that you alone, at any time, have the right to modify. Accordingly, You agree not to use a pseudonym or email address that might infringe the rights of third parties (including use of surnames, pseudonyms, use of another's trade name, or works protected by copyright and/or related rights) in any capacity whatsoever, and regardless of the basis for such use. Entering the username and password of the user is proof of connection to the « Proposition Environment » space. Both ID and password are strictly personal and confidential. The User will be requested to provide them every time he/she connects to the « Proposition Environment » space.
They should not be disclosed or shared with third parties. The User guarantees also that his username and password will not be automatically saved by the browser. Failing that, the User confirms that he is solely responsible, in respect of AIME and/or any other person (physical or legal), for the use of his username and password by third parties or actions or statements made by intermediaries under his username.
In order to ensure the site's security and to protect AIME's information system, and to avoid fraudulent use by unauthorized persons, Users' passwords must be composed of at least six characters (including special characters, symbols, etc). The user will be prompted to change passwords regularly.
After accessing his account, the User must disconnect from it by clicking the « Logout » button in order to prevent unauthorized use of it. In this respect, AIME requires the User to be vigilant, especially when connecting to his account from public computers (in cafes, libraries, universities, etc).
AIME reserves the right to refuse registration if it finds, or is informed of, a clear violation of third party rights to this effect or that inaccurate information has been provided in any capacity whatsoever and regardless of the particular field in the registration form to which the violation pertains.

Access and use

The User confirms that he has the necessary competence and resources to access and use the Site. You confirm that you have verified that the computer configuration used to access the site does not contain any computer viruses or malicious programs and that it is in perfect working order. Each user is required to take all appropriate measures to protect his own data and software from contamination by viruses or malicious programs. AIME makes every effort to provide users with functional and verified information and tools. However, AIME cannot be held liable for errors, unavailable information or the presence of computer viruses on the Site. The Site's built-in functions and data are not guaranteed against interruption or operating errors. The user shall bear the costs should there be a need to engage services, repairs or corrections as a result of using the Site.
While the user will be given access to the Service free of charge, it must be noted that the entire cost of connecting and communicating on the Internet necessary to access and use the Service remain the responsibility of the user, as well as all costs related to contributions made on the site.

Contributor content, comments and behavior

When you submit your contribution and/or comment, you expressly acknowledge and agree to the following conditions:
a) You are the owner or the copyright owner and/or have the necessary copyright-related approvals or other intellectual and/or industrial property rights related to your contribution and/or comment and any audiovisual, musical, or other works of art included by you in your Contribution and/or Comment. You authorize AIME to use the Contribution and/or comment and to include it in the Service based on the terms set out in these Terms of Use.
b) You have the prior written permission of each identifiable person in Your Contribution and/or Comment to use their names and/or images and/or voices, for the purpose of posting to the Service with a view to the contributions being used according to the terms set out in these Terms of Use. Generally speaking, you confirm that you have the necessary authority and approvals, of whatever type, regarding the Contribution and/or Comment.
c) You must not transmit Contributions and/or Comments that contain any illegal components, including but not restricted to racist, anti-Semitic, offensive and/or abusive content which might amount to harassment or defamation and you agree, in general terms, to abide by public order and third party rights. AIME reserves the right to suspend at any time the publication of any Submissions and/or Comments should the above obligations not be respected. In the absence of conclusive demonstration of the User's compliance with these Terms, and in accordance with « AIME's Responsibilities », AIME reserves the right to remove any Contribution or Comment without notice or other formal procedure.
AIME reserves the right to suspend at any time the publication of any Submissions and/or Comments should the above obligations not be respected. In the absence of conclusive demonstration of the User's compliance with these Terms, and in accordance with « AIME's Responsibilities », AIME reserves the right to remove any Contribution or Comment without notice or other formal procedure.

Submission of contributions to AIME

You may publish a Contribution on the Site, on any issue, by submitting your contribution to the AIME team.
All content submitted by you will be subject to validation or screening by us in order to verify that the contribution complies with these Terms of Use and the Site's Code of Ethics.

Publication of your contributions and comments

It is understood that You provide your Contributions and/or Comments free of charge and that their publication online does not entitle you to any remuneration; You expressly agree to this. Contributions and/or Comments submitted to AIME remain your property, solely and entirely. Without prejudice to the previous statements, and in order that your Contribution and/or Comments be posted on the Site, you grant the necessary permissions to AIME with regard to the following uses: - Reproduction and use of your Contribution and/or Comment in whole or in part, its inclusion and availability to the public via the Site, with or without other texts and/or content, as well as its public availability in all formats or communication media known or as yet unknown. - Adaptation and translation rights for the purposes of the project, and in accordance with rights referred to above. - the right to grant sub-licenses to third parties with regard to your Contribution and/or Comment, be that free of charge or in return for payment;
This waiver is provided freely, worldwide, and for the duration of legal protections, dating from the online publication of content on the site.
Contributions and/or Comments may be published by AIME, on any page of the Site.
It is specified that should there be any doubt about your authorization to publish your Contribution and/or Comment, AIME may ask you for supporting evidence and suspend publication of the Contribution and/or Comment pending your reply. Similarly, AIME will delete from the Site, at its discretion, and at any time, all content likely to lead to the Site being in breach of its compliance with these Terms and in order to assure the proper functioning of the Site.
AIME may reference all or part of your Contribution and/or Comment in order to facilitate storage management and access. Moreover, given the interactive nature of the Internet, you are informed that your Contribution and/or Comments may be presented in different contexts associated with other works, or used in part; You declare that you accept these terms.
You are informed that the storage of Contributions and/or Comments necessitates automatic compression and encoding of all or part of the elements of your Contribution and/or Comment, and that storage of certain elements of your content (eg videos) can sometimes lead to an intrinsic degradation of quality. Consequently, you accept and assume full responsibility for this, with reference also to third parties. AIME will nevertheless make all efforts to ensure distribution of your Contributions and/or Comments in optimal quality.
AIME reserves the right to republish your Contribution and/or Comment on any other service or format operated by AIME, whether in print or digitally. It is understood that this new publication does not give rise to any right to remuneration and You expressly agree to this.

Online publication of your comments

You are solely responsible for the posting of comments. AIME does not provide any prior moderation or control of any kind, provided that you comply strictly with the provisions of these Terms.
For the record, in the absence of such compliance, AIME reserves the right to suspend and/or delete comments found to be in violation of these Terms, according to the conditions described above.

Personal data

In accordance with the provisions of French Law No. 78-17, 6 January 1978, relating to data, files and rights, the automated processing of personal data obtained via the site is the subject of a declaration made to the National Commission for Information Technology and Rights (CNIL), number 1479813.

Automatic processing of personal data obtained via the website is carried out in accordance with the requirements of law No. 78-17, 6 January 1978, relating to computers, files and rights.

Information likely to be collected, based on the strict requirements of the AIME project, may be personal or sensitive in nature (Article 8 of Law No. 78-17, 6 January 1978).

Processing of personal data is carried out for scientific, technical and management purposes in accordance with legal and safety requirements. The purpose of this processing is to gain from the User, via the Site, critical content and enhancements to the book on which the AIME project is based..

By accepting these Terms, you are deemed to have read and therefore to consent expressly to the processing of sensitive personal data that you will have provided to the National Foundation of Political Science via your participation in AIME.

The user is informed that, in accordance with Article 32 of Law No. 78-17, 6 January 1978 relating to computers, files and rights, information communicated through forms present on the site are for the use of the National Foundation of Political Sciences, as controller, as well as its partners and service-providers, for administrative and academic purposes (such as the dissemination of results and grades, career- and donation-tracking, grant awards, student disabilities, enrollment with library services, newsletter services), and for the purposes of research and statistical analysis and IT support.

The User is informed that he has a right to access, query and modify information provided, allowing, if needs be, for the rectification, completion, updating, blocking or deleting of personal data that are inaccurate, incomplete, ambiguous, outdated or whose collection, use, disclosure or storage is prohibited.

Users also have the right to oppose the processing of their data for legitimate reasons as well as the right to object to these data being used for marketing purposes.

A full statement of rights can be obtained, by post, from the National Foundation of Political Sciences (on presentation of a photocopy of a signed identity document). Requests should be made to the following address:

Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques
27, rue Saint Guillaume 75337 Paris Cedex 07
+33 1 45 49 85 96

Or via the following email address:

contact [at] modesofexistence [dot] org

The personal data collected on this site by the National Foundation of Political Sciences are subject to processing in France.
Users of this website must comply with legal provisions relating to data, files and rights, the violation of which is punishable by law.
They must refrain, notably, from collecting or misusing any personal information accessed and, generally speaking, refrain from committing any acts likely to constitute an infringement of the privacy or reputation of individuals.

The User is informed that during visits to the site, a cookie may be automatically installed on their browser. A cookie is a data block that does not identify the user, however, the cookie stores information about your browsing on the Site (pages you consult, date and time of consultation, etc). The National Foundation of Political Sciences will be able to read this information during your next visit.

- Browser settings allow the User to be informed of the presence of cookies and to decide whether to accept them or not (see instructions below).
- The cookie indirectly collects personal information concerning the User. The User has the right to consult, withdraw and modify information collected.

You can choose not to accept cookies by configuring your browser as follows:

Mozilla Firefox:- Choose the ‘Tools‘ menu then ‘Options‘- Click ‘Privacy‘- Find the ‘Cookies‘ menu and select your preferred option

Microsoft Internet Explorer:- Choose the ‘Tools‘ menu then ‘Internet Options‘.- Click the ‘Confidentiality‘ tab- Select the desired level using the cursor

Google Chrome:- Click on the Google Chrome menu in the browser's toolbar.- Select ‘Settings‘.- Click ‘Show Advanced Settings‘.- In the ‘Privacy‘ section, click the Content Settings button.- In the ‘Cookies‘ section, select your preferred options

The shelf life of information stored on your computer is 6 months.

The use of cookies is optional but recommended. You can still object to their presence and reject and delete them. To this end, consult the help files of your browser.

Intellectual property rights

The Site is protected by current legislation on intellectual property rights and international conventions.
Databases contained on the AIME website, produced by the National Foundation of Political Science, are protected by the provisions of the Act of 1 July 1998 transposing into the Intellectual Property Code the European Directive of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases.
The logos of the National Foundation of Political Sciences and its partners, and logos appearing on the Site, are trademarks.
Any use or reproduction, total or partial, of the site, its components and/or information contained therein by any means whatsoever, is strictly prohibited and constitutes an infringement punishable under the Intellectual Property Code, except in the case of prior written consent having been obtained from the National Foundation of Political Sciences.
If the user wishes to use the AIME logo on a site, or to integrate AIME content into the navigation of his site, in particular through the use of frames, the express permission of AIME must be requested by writing to: contact [at] modesofexistence [dot] org.
Site content, including quotes, data and other information, is intended for the User's personal use. By connecting to the Site, the User accesses content protected by law, notably the provisions of the Intellectual Property Code. The User may download and print extracts of content from the website for personal and non-commercial use only. He has the the right to private, non-collective and non-exclusive use only of content on the Site. Subject to this, the reproduction, publishing, sale, distribution or commercial exploitation of the Site's content without the prior consent of AIME's directors is prohibited.

By participating in the AIME project, the User becomes a co-author of the final work, based on a Creative Commons license CC BY-NC-SA-3.0. Throughout the project, you retain the copyright to contributions produced by You. None of the documents imported into or linked to our database, however, should violate the copyright of their authors; AIME can not be held liable for infringements relative to any documents imported or linked to. If you decide to withdraw from the project, all your previous contributions can be anonymized should you so wish. At the end of the project, you will receive a letter from AIME asking you to authorize the waiver of certain rights under a Creative Commons license cc by-nc-sa 3.0..

The Site may contain links to other websites.
AIME cannot however be held liable for any third party sites to which the user has access via the Site and which may contain illegal or inaccurate content. AIME has no way of controlling the content of third party sites. Decisions regarding the activation of these links are therefore the User's alone.
Similarly, AIME cannot be held responsible for the unavailability or malfunction of any third party sites.
AIME agrees to remove links to other websites immediately at the request of companies to whom those sites belong.
AIME must give written permission prior to the establishment of a hypertext link to the Site and reserves the right to request removal of the link at any time.
AIME guarantees the User's intellectual property rights in relation to the Website and the Service or his right to hold IP rights if he has been accorded them by the author.

AIME's Responsibilities

In its capacity as publisher of the Site, AIME is responsible for posted content as well as Contributions published online.
With regard to Comments, given that the Site provides the possibility for any user to file comments on posted content, AIME is able to moderate objectionable Comments that fall foul of the rules of good behavior described in these Terms. Any instances of objectionable Comments should be brought to the attention of AIME according to the procedures described in Article 6 of Law No. 2004-575 of 21 June 2004 on Confidence in the Digital Economy. With respect to the publication of Comments, and given that AIME assumes no a priori control, AIME adopts the status of technical intermediary as defined by the aforementioned Law.
AIME may discontinue all or partial access to services, in particular for maintenance work and upgrades. Access may also be interrupted for other reasons, technical or legal, for example. AIME is in no way responsible for these interruptions and consequences that may arise for users or any third parties. In this regard, AIME can not under any circumstances be held liable for loss of data and content.
You recognize the constraints and limitations of the Internet, particularly in terms of data transmission via networks and data breaches. As a result, AIME cannot be held responsible for technical issues beyond the terms of its service, such as communication problems due to the user's ISP (slow or interrupted connection). AIME does not make commitments therefore in terms of performance or changes to the service that may occur notably as a result of the internet network and/or technical configurations.
AIME and its partners disclaim any warranty, express or implied, with relation notably to the quality and consistency of services and to specific use of the service. AIME will nevertheless make every effort to ensure that services remain operational. AIME makes no guarantees of non-intrusion.
AIME makes every effort to offer users information and/or tools that have been verified and that will be available for use. Despite all reasonable efforts being made, information is provided without guarantees of any kind.
Information provided is non-contractual, may contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors and is subject to change without notice. AIME cannot be held liable for errors, lack of availability of information, inaccuracies, updates, incompleteness and/or the presence of viruses on its site.
AIME invites the Site's users to bring any omissions, errors or corrections to its notice by sending an email to: contact[at]modesofexistence[dot]org. When AIME is to be held responsible, reparation will apply only to direct, proven, personal cases, and will exclude indirect and/or immaterial damages and/or prejudices, for example - but not limited to - financial or commercial losses or losses of data.
In using this Site, the User acknowledges having been given the opportunity to read this warning.

Users' responsibilities

The User asserts that he has or has at his disposal any authorizations required under intellectual property rights (including copyright, related rights, trademark rights) and, in general terms, all rights relating to his personal account and his Contributions which allow these Contributions to be used on all electronic communication networks, including the Internet, worldwide. In no cases are these systems and provisions to be used to provide files that do not respect intellectual property rights.
The User is solely responsible for the use made of the Service. AIME, therefore, cannot be held responsible for any claims and/or proceedings made against the User.

The site provides users with opportunities (“expression spaces”) to publish personal opinions relating to the Site's content, as well as the ability to reference other sites or forums. Data contained therein is not to be collected or used for any other purpose.
All posts made to these spaces are the expression of the ideas of their respective authors. That said, given that the Site is responsible for the content of these spaces, moderators may move to a more appropriate page, delete or simply decide not to publish at all submissions that are deemed unrelated to the site's editorial line, or publications which might be objectionable, illegal or inconsistent with these Terms of Use, and agree to do so as quickly as possible.

On this Website, transmission of the content listed below is strictly prohibited.

Users agree not to transmit the following content:
- Advertisements or other material intended to convey advertisements;
- False or erroneous material;
- Material that may constitute a violation of property rights in literary, artistic, and industrial trademarks or other rights belonging to third parties, such as image rights and the right to privacy;
- Abusive, libelous, defamatory, racist, xenophobic, revisionist or defamatory content. Material likely to incite discrimination or hatred of a person or group of persons as a result of their ethnicity or membership or non-membership of an ethnic group, nation, race or religion;
- Material which contains threats to a person or group of persons;
Material which is likely to undermine public order, be subject to civil or criminal prosecution, or material that is libelous; unconstitutional, or which emanates from extremist groups banned by law; material containing incitement to commit crimes, suicide and acts of terrorism or material praising crimes, acts of terrorism, war crimes or crimes against humanity are also strictly prohibited, as is pornographic or indecent material or material that is detrimental to human dignity;
- Material which might allow third parties to directly or indirectly obtain pirated software, serial numbers, or software enabling acts of piracy and intrusion into computer and telecommunications systems, and, more generally, any software or tool likely to lead to an infringement of the rights of others and the security of persons and property;
- Material containing viruses or any other applications that might be harmful to software, hardware and computers belonging to the Site or its users;

The User undertakes to respect the image and reputation of the site and not to make statements and/or actions that might bring the Site into disrepute.
In the case of infringement of applicable laws, moral considerations, the present conditions of use or for any other applicable reason, the Site reserves the right to close the expression spaces for a limited time or permanently and to delete information and referrals to such information.
The Site reserves the discretionary right to publish or not publish your opinion or links to websites on the expression spaces and to modify, adapt or translate them into any language, any form and any media, to preserve them online or to delete them at any time without prior notification.


If any part of the Terms should be found to be unlawful, invalid or unenforceable for any reason whatsoever, the term or terms in question will be declared non-existent and the remaining terms shall remain in full force and effect and continue to be applicable. The term or terms declared nonexistent will be replaced by one (or more) terms most closely related to the content of the void clause.

Applicable laws and jurisdiction

These Terms of Use are subject to French law. Any disagreement or dispute that cannot be settled amicably shall be brought before the relevant French court.


legal notice


This website is the property of the National Foundation of Political Science (Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques) (hereafter referred to as « FNSP » or « the Foundation »), whose registered office is at 27, rue Saint Guillaume 75337 Paris Cedex 07.

Website Director of Publication:
Jean-Claude Casanova, President of the National Foundation of Political Science (FNSP)

Team responsible for monitoring the site:
Medialab (contact: christophe.leclercq[at]science-po[dot]fr)
+33 1 45 49 85 96

This web site was produced by:
Bruno Latour, Professor, Sciences Po

This website is hosted by the National Foundation of Political Science (FNSP)
Sciences Po - Direction des Systèmes d'Information (Management Information Systems)
APE Code: 803Z
27, rue saint Guillaume
75337 Paris Cedex 07


In accordance with the provisions of French Law No. 78-17, 6 January 1978, relating to data, files and rights, the automated processing of personal data obtained via the site is the subject of a declaration made to the National Commission for Information Technology and Rights (CNIL), number 1479813.
Automatic processing of personal data obtained via the website is carried out in accordance with the requirements of law No. 78-17, 6 January 1978, relating to computers, files and rights.
L'utilisateur est notamment informé que conformément à l'article 32 de la loi n°78-17 du 6 janvier 1978 modifiée, relative à l'informatique, aux fichiers et aux libertés, les informations qu'il communique par le biais des formulaires présents sur le site sont destinées à la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, en tant que responsable du traitement, ainsi qu’à ses partenaires et prestataires de services informatiques, à des fins de gestion administrative et scolaire (tels que : la diffusion des résultats et des notes, le suivi de carrière et des dons, l’attribution des bourses, le handicap éventuel des étudiants, l’inscription à la bibliothèque, l’annuaire, l’envoi de newsletter), de recherche et statistique et à des fins d’assistance informatique.The user is informed that (s)he has a right to access, query and modify information provided, allowing, if needs be, for the rectification, completion, updating, blocking or deleting of personal data that are inaccurate, incomplete, ambiguous, outdated or whose collection, use, disclosure or storage is prohibited.The user also has the right to oppose the processing of their data for legitimate reasons as well as the right to object to these data being used for marketing purposes.A full statement of rights can be obtained, by post, from the National Foundation of Political Sciences (on presentation of a photocopy of a signed identity document). Requests should be made to the following address:

Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques
27, rue Saint Guillaume
75337 Paris Cedex 07
+33 1 45 49 85 96

Or via the following email address:
contact [at] modesofexistence [dot] org

The personal data collected on this site by the National Foundation of Political Sciences are subject to processing in France.
Users of this website must comply with legal provisions relating to data, files and rights, the violation of which is punishable by law.
They must refrain, notably, from collecting or misusing any personal information accessed and, generally speaking, refrain from committing any acts likely to constitute an infringement of the privacy or reputation of individuals.

FNSP thanks you for your visit.

English translation © 2013 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. This content is viewable on this website for discussion purposes only, and may not be reproduced or distributed, in electronic or paper form, without the explicit permission of Harvard University Press. First published in French as Enquête sur les modes d'existence: une anthropologie des Modernes by Editions la Decouverte, © 2012.



Main Editor : Bruno Latour
Content manager : Christophe Leclercq
Technical lead: Paul Girard
Design: Donato Ricci
Development : Heiko Müller, Daniele Guido, Alexis Jacomy, Guillaume Plique, Dario Rodighiero, Pierre Jullian de la Fuente
Collaborations: Dorothea Heinz
Video: Thomas Arrivé and Romain Di Vozzo

Help to site translation: Michael Flowers, Stephen Muecke and Cormac O'Keeffe
English translation of the Inquiry into Modes of Existence: Catherine Porter
English translation of the vocabulary entries: Owen Martell

Special thanks to the médialab team and the Direction des Systèmes d'information (DSI) de Sciences Po, and particularly to Barbara Bender, Corinne Le Dour, Louis-Jérôme Léger, Gregory Quistrebert, Julien Rault, Anne-Lyse Renon and Jean-Luc Ruffinel.



The research has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC Grant ‘IDEAS’ 2010 n° 269567”